Dysgraphia is a neurological difference that affects a persons ability to write legible words and sentences. It is often confused with dyslexia, which is a reading disorder, or ADHD, which is a disability that affects attention, impulses and focus.
This confusion is due to the two core symptom groups which are motor and cognitive skills. Poor motor skills can result in slow fine motor movement leading to a reduced ability to hold a pen and form letters correctly. Some people can also experience hand or arm tremors.
Reduced cognitive skills cause struggles with spelling, sentence structure and keeping concentration during written tasks that are more mentally and emotionally challenging to individuals with dysgraphia.
The cause of dysgraphia is not yet known for sure, but there are a number of theories that look into possible explanations for this disorder, for example it being hereditary or resulting as a result of a brain injury. In some cases, this impairment is severe, while in others it may be mild, which is why it is a spectrum condition.
Dysgraphia is present from the earliest stages of development. It typically appears between the ages of 5 and 8 and is a lifelong condition.
Some common characteristics of dysgraphia are:
● Struggles with handwriting
● Struggles with the formation of numbers
● A reluctance to engage with written tasks
● Quick to become frustrated around written tasks
Just like other neurodiverse conditions a person who has dysgraphia may well possess some other positive traits and skills such as:
● Ability to multi-task
● High intelligence
● Strong verbal reasoning