Neurodiversity and the Equality Act 2010

View of the houses of parliament looking across the Westminster bridge

The Equality Act 2010 is an anti-discrimination law that defines the public duty to promote equality of opportunity.

As stipulated within the Equality Act 2010, it is illegal to discriminate against anyone based on a number of different categories including race, disability, sexual orientation, and gender identity.

One of the most significant changes made by the Equality Act 2010 was to put a duty on public authorities to promote equality of opportunity. This duty is one of the most significant changes made by the Equality Act 2010. It requires all public authorities to promote equality of opportunity in their actions and in their policies.

Disability is defined within the Equality Act 2010 as a physical or mental condition that has a substantial and long-term impact on your ability to complete day-to-day activities. Despite many neurodivergent individuals not identifying as having a disability, they are now covered by the definition within the Equality Act 2010.

The Equality Act 2010 is an act of Parliament in the United Kingdom that aims to create a society that is free from discrimination so that everyone has the same opportunities. The act follows on from the principle of equality laid down in Article 14 of the Human Rights Act 1998. The principle of equality requires the state to take measures to give people equal opportunity, and not to treat them less favourably because they are different.

This is of particular significance to those considered to be neurodiverse because for too long some individuals have felt disadvantaged within the workplace and society for having a different way of thinking and processing the information of the world around them.

What is classed as discrimination?

There is a lot of misconception around the term discrimination. In law, discrimination is defined as unfair treatment or worse treatment given to someone based on certain criteria.

In the Equality Act 2010, discrimination is defined as “less favourable” treatment because of a person’s disability.

Where does The Equality Act 2010 apply?

Each country’s legislation varies – the Equality Act 2010 covers England, Scotland and Wales. But Northern Ireland includes the Equality Act 1998.

The Equality Act 2010 is the most recent legislation on equality, focusing on discrimination in public life. The legislation was enacted to support legal protection against discrimination for individuals with disabilities.

The Equality Act 2010 replaces the previous Disability Discrimination Act (1995).